Norman Ah-Sing had no patience for a frivolous lawsuit against him.

A butcher shop in San Francisco’s Chinatown, date unknown.


“When your nation was a wilderness . . . we exercised most of the arts and virtues of civilized life.”

Four Chinese miners (right) work alongside three white miners near Auburn, CA, 1852. (California State Library)

“We are not the degraded race you would make us.”

Mexicans, Chinese and Africans walk the streets of Portsmouth Square. (The Annals of San Francisco)


The landscape for the flu vaccine was the Wild West.


From 1896 to 2016, defeated presidential contenders have conceded gracefully to their opponents.


Americans have given thanks through wars, depressions, and pandemics.


But does she accept it?

Famous violinist Maud Powell submits her ballot, 1920.

It’s the 126th anniversary of Labor Day. Why do we celebrate working by not working?


“We insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of these United States.”


Or, why the federal government takes your money with nary a thank-you.

Noel C. Cilker

I’m a writer, interested in history’s stories and the links between then and now.

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